It is the world’s second smallest continent with over 50 countries. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean from the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Black Sea to the east and The Mediterranean Sea to the south. The largest European country is Russia, and the smallest is Vatican City.
Every European country has its own culture and traditions, but they all have major features in common. European countries share a long history from the Renaissance period to the successive European empires and the implementations of new technologies over the last century.
Europe’s geographical structure varies from one place to another. Central Europe has many plateaus, river valleys and basins, while the southern regions are mountainous. Hilly and lowland plains spread from the northern regions to the east and west of Europe.
Europe’s global connections made it possible for the culture to grow, adapt and ultimately become very influential. It is a highly developed continent, owing its success to the native and multicultural community within the society. In recent years there have been a large number of immigrants in Europe looking for better job prospects, standards of living and education facilities and institutes.
The main spoken languages in Europe are English, French, German, Italian, Russian and Spanish. Each country uses its own language or dialect as a primary mode of communication.
Why Study in Europe?
Europe is a popular choice for many overseas students pursuing higher studies because of its highly esteemed and notably recognized educational institutions. In addition to its varied climatic conditions, diverse culture warm friendly people and safe environment.
There are more than four thousand higher education institutions in Europe, from top-level research establishments to small, teaching-focused colleges. An increased number of International Students are now seeking a better higher education in Europe.
Europe experiences milder climatic conditions when compared to other areas lying on the same latitude. The weather is usually warmer and wetter, as a result of the Gulf Stream that influences its weather all year round.
- France – The west has mild winters, cool to warm summers and high levels of rainfall. The interior areas experience hot, stormy summer and cold winters with less rain.
- Germany – The winters are generally mild and summers are cool. A humid wind usually prevails all year round. The east of Germany has a continental climate, with warm summers and cold winters.
- Ireland – The west tends to be wetter during the winter months, usually accompanied with hail and snow. The north has a lot of snow during the winter months, while the south has the least. The interior areas are warmer in the summer and colder in the winter.
- Italy – The interior region has a continental climate while the remaining areas have a Mediterranean climate. The summers are hot and winters are mild in southern Italy while the summers are warm and winters are cool in northern Italy.
- Malta – experiences a Mediterranean, subtropical climate. It has hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters and occasionally brief snow flurries.
- Spain – It experiences a continental Mediterranean climate in the interior areas, oceanic climate in the coastal areas and semiarid climate to the south east of the country. The winters can be rainy while the summers are hot and sunny.
- Switzerland – The summers are warm and humid, with periodic rainfalls during this season. The winters in the low lands are cloudy and foggy, but the mountains alternate between sun and snow. Autumn tends to be the driest season of the year.
- Light casual clothes – cottons and linens – for all year round
- Waterproof Clothes and umbrella for Rainy days
- Warm jacket for Winter
- National Costume is recommended for festivities
Shopping & Dining
- Shops are open – 9:00 A.M to 6:30 P.M, Monday to Friday and 9:00 A.M to 4:00 P.M on Saturdays and are closed on Sundays
- Shops work from 9:00 A.M to 9:00 P.M on Thursdays
- Halal food stores are available
- Restaurants have flexible timings and are usually open late
- Ratatouille and soufflé is what France is known for
- German sausages and Black Forest cake is a delicacy of Germany
- Seafood, stew and meat are cuisines of Ireland
- Pasta, spaghetti, pizza and the variety of sauces are a must try in Italy
Travel & Transportation
- Buses, rail, and metro are the easiest travel methods in the city
- Bicycle is the easiest way to get around, with designated cycle lanes available
- Student fares are available
- Taxis are expensive